PA Deficit Watch

Member Group : Commonwealth Foundation

Pennsylvania Deficit Watch: April 2009
Update on Pennsylvania’s Revenue Shortfall from the Commonwealth Foundation

The Pennsylvania Department of Revenue released the March revenue collections showing state General Fund revenues are $1.61 billion short for the fiscal year to date.

• Governor Rendell has estimated that the fiscal year shortfall will reach $2.3 billion.
• The March collections were $335 million below projections, slightly below the revised revenue estimates. This indicates that the estimated shortfall of $2.3 billion seems to be on target.
• The current shortfall exceeds the entire 12 month shortfalls for fiscal years 1990-91, 2001-02 and 2002-03, respectively—budget cycles that resulted in tax increases (including the two largest in Pennsylvania history), which in turn significantly hindered the state’s economic performance.
Historical Budget Shortfalls: Projected vs. Actual Revenues (Year-to-Date)
(in millions of dollars)

1990-91 2001-02 2002-03 2008-09
Through: Shortfall Percent Shortfall Percent Shortfall Percent Shortfall Percent
March -$241.90 -3.14% -$749.30 -4.89% -$271.80 -1.74% -$1,607.58 -7.92%
End of Year -$666.30 -5.54% -$1,268.40 -5.95% -$497.70 -2.28%
1991 Budget Action $2.85 B Tax Increase 2002 Budget Action $600M Tax Increase, $750M Rainy Day Fund 2003 Budget Action $1.5 B Tax Increase

Governor Rendell’s 2009-10 budget proposes multiple sources to bridge this gap and increase spending to $29 billion next year:

Filling the 2008-09 Shortfall
Enacted budget: $28.3 billion
Estimated Revenue Shortfall: $2.3 billion; filled by:
• Cuts/Freezes from Enacted Budget: $557 million
• Federal Stimulus (Medical Assistance): $1.1 billion
• Prior Year Lapses (money unspent in 2007-08): $91 million
• Rainy Day Fund: $250 million
• Transfer of Marcellus Shale Revenues: $174 million
• Use of Legislative Surplus: $175 million

2009-10 Budget
Appropriations: $29.0 billion
General Fund Revenue: $26.2 billion, includes new sources:
• Natural Gas Severance Tax: $107 million
• Sales Tax ("elimination of discount for timely remittance"): $75 million
• Cigarette Tax (10 cents per pack): $61 million
• Redirect of Cigarette Tax from Health Care Provider Retention Account to General Fund: $198 million
• Other Tobacco Products Tax: $38 million

One-time Revenue Sources:
• Federal Stimulus: $2.4 billion (Medical Assistance, State Fiscal Stabilization)
• Transfer from Health Care Provider Retention: $350 million (included in $26.2 billion revenue)
• Rainy Day Fund: $375 million

However, it is not a lack of revenue, but over-spending which produced the current budget deficit:
• Between fiscal years 2002-03 and 2008-09, total state spending increased 35.8% ($16.2 billion), well exceeding inflation (17.4%).
• In Government on a Diet: Spending Tips 2009, a report released in February, the Commonwealth Foundation identified nearly $5 billion in potential spending reductions in wasteful spending.
• Governor Rendell’s revised 2008-09 budget represents a 1.64% decrease from the enacted budget, but a 2.27% increase over 2007-08. His proposed 2009-10 budget represents a 4.22% increase over the revised 2008-09 budget. It would be hard to argue we have "cut to the bone."
• More examples of wasteful spending and budget facts can be found at

Additional Resources

Governor Rendell’s proposed 2009-10 budget and information on the 2008-09 budget can be found on the Office of the Budget website. The Commonwealth Foundation has also prepared an Excel file of the proposed and revised budgets for public discussion.

More Pennsylvania budget resources can be found at
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The Commonwealth Foundation ( is an independent, nonprofit public policy research and educational institute based in Harrisburg.

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